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Glossary  
Definition of Major Islamic Finance Instruments
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GCC = Gulf Cooperation Council

A political alliance and trade bloc consisting of six states of the Arabian Gulf: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

Ghalat = Mistake

A negative element that can affect the validity of `aqad. In Arabic, it connotes error in perception.

Gharar = uncertainty

One of three fundamental prohibitions in Islamic finance (the other two being riba and maysir). Gharar is a sophisticated concept that covers certain types of haram uncertainty in a contract. It is an exchange in which one or more parties stand to be deceived through ignorance of an essential element of the exchange. Gambling is a form of gharar because the gambler is ignorant of the result of the gamble. The prohibition on gharar is often used as the grounds for criticism of conventional financial practices such as short selling, speculation and derivatives.

Gharim =
Alternative spelling = Gharimun

A debtor who does not have the funds, after repayment of his debt, would not equal the nisab. The Shafi`i and Maliki jurists divide the gharimun into two types: (i) those whose debts were incurred in their own benefit; and (ii) those whose debts were incurred benefiting others. The gharimun are one of the eight groups mentioned in the Quran as legitimate recipients of zakah funds.

Ghasb = forfeiture

Wrongful appropriation of property by force

 

 
Latest Issue
Wednesday 23rd July 2014
Volume 11 Issue 29
   
Cover Story
IFN Rapid
News Briefs
Asset Management
Takaful
Ratings
Moves
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  Sovereign Sukuk market: Gears still moving
IFN Country Analysis
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IFN Sector Analysis
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Islamic banking is currently dominated by Iran, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia, but offers significant promise in Turkey given the country’s strong financial structure and distinctive potential...
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The corporate governance policies and practices of Islamic financial institutions, while similar in several aspects to those implemented in conventional financial institutions, include certain elements that correspond to and reflect the special characteristics of the products they offer and the image of such institutions in the market...
  Corporate governance in the UK Islamic finance industry
Despite anchoring itself in the Islamic finance space, the UK has yet to see its Shariah compliant retail banking sector take off, prompting for a policy re-think and governance framework restructuring...
  Takaful in Indonesia: Room for growth
Over the last five years, the market share of the Indonesian Islamic insurance industry has increased steadily to 4.2% in 2012 from 2.13% in 2008, according to the latest available official data...
Case Study
Al Hilal Bank’s sophomore Sukuk issuance

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